IX-7 Ordinis Noni Tomus Septimus: Declarationes Ad Censuras

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In fact, if you look back in history, of all the great heresies which have confronted the Church, none were ever born in Latin-speaking communities. The pragmatic theory maintains that an idea is true if it works or settles the problem it deals with. This conventional view has been challenged by Jacob *Neusner in a series of studies. The Church has received much of the blame for the alleged deficiencies in medieval intellectual life, most influentially by the nineteenth century writers John Draper and Andrew Dickson White.
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Erasmus and His Times

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Khamenei, Sayyid Muhammad, “Phenomenology of Soul in Mullâ Sadrâ’s School,” in The Passions of the Soul, pp. 17-29. Hier macht Valla einen Unterschied zwischen der Funktionsweise und dem Gehalt: Wörter wie spiritus, substantia, essentia – und erst recht res – übersteigen nämlich das Wort Deus, insofern sie ein weiteres Bedeutungsspektrum haben. This school of philosophy taught that the supreme good in human life is happiness or pleasure. existentialism.
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Dark Images, Secret Hints: Benjamin, Scholem, Molitor and

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Fearing imprisonment for heresy, he fled England for a few years; upon his return, he was prohibited for a time from further publication. But here again there is no evidence for rabbinic quotations from first-hand sources; all their information may have been derived from secondary sources" (pp. 1–2). Not only is the broad field of philosophy today far too vast to be embraced by one mind, something similar is true even of many highly specialized subfields."
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The Sentences, Book 4: On the Doctrine of Signs (Mediaeval

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Please contact us for any additional information. The medieval tradition of Scholasticism continued to flourish as late as the 17th century, in figures such as Francisco Suarez and John of St. His life though was ended as he was infamously murdered in the senate in Rome. In the earlier period, writers such as Peter Abelard wrote commentaries on the works of the Old logic (Aristotle's Categories (Aristotle), On interpretation and the Isagoge of Porphyry ).
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The Legacy Of Maimonides

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MacCleod, Robert B. (1975) The Persistent Problems of Psychology. At the same time as human nature is given a higher status, by virtue of the individual dignity of the immortal human soul, it is also seen as deficient and fallen and dependent upon redemption. Averroes himself never went this far, and suggests instead that there is really only one truth, which can be accessed differently by the masses, dogmatic theologians and philosophers.
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Science and the Secrets of Nature

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With the decline of Aristotelianism came radically new perspectives on the prospects for certainty, our grasp of underlying causes, and the reliability of the senses. Francis – Chapter Five is notable for its insistent focus on sensory experience, due both to Francis's physical mortifications and (...) to his consciousness of the world's beauty, the "comfort" provided to him by the "creatures" he touched, tasted, heard, and saw. Routledge Studies in Ethics and Moral Theory 7 (New York & London 2007). – Zanetti, G., La nozione di giustizia in Aristotele.
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A History Of Philosophy: From Thales To The Present Time,

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In the common usage in English-speaking countries, philosophy most often refers to the field of study which is more precisely described as Western academic philosophy and which has many traditions spanning thousands of years often classifed by time period (e.g. ancient, medieval, modern, contemporary, et al.), geography (e.g. Furthermore, an advantage of being self-governing corporations was that a university was responsible for its own disciplinary arrangements and rarely had to deal with outside authorities.
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The Platonic Tradition in the Middle Ages: A Doxographic

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J. –––. [1995a] A Letter to the Friars Minor and Other Writings, ed. Aquinas' practical philosophy was aimed at the intelligent performance of actions -- his thinking was teleological. ie. a purpose or a design. 2. Nonetheless, since Ockham seems to admit the existence of both connotative simple terms and their nominal definitions in mental language, one of the previous sentences needs to be revised.
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Energy and momentum in tetrad theory of gravitation: Theory

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The stick in the water appears bent; ...the hallucinations of the insane, the faces in the clouds--all are appearances that are clearly at variance with reality.... Scotus, on the contrary, argued that human reason can attain certainty on its own, with no assistance from God through divine illumination. Whether or not the account given in al-Munqidh is a factual record of his spiritual and intellectual experience is a purely academic question.
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God, Belief, and Perplexity

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He says that everything loves its own being more than any other. then. have that logical flavour that so characterizes Scholastic argument generally (Carson 2007). Buquet, Thierry, „Les légendes relatives à l’origine hybride de et à la naissance des girafes selon les auteurs arabes,“ Bulletin d’Études Orientales, 62 (2013): 125-47 [from Aristotle onwards]. Western philosophers--those of the Eurocentric heritage of philosophy--tend to divide all of philosophy into two categories: practical and pure.
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